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Dynamics of fluctuations in a quantum system

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons194647

Chen,  Yi-Jen
International Max Planck Research School for Ultrafast Imaging & Structural Dynamics (IMPRS-UFAST), Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 9, 20355 Hamburg, Germany;

/persons/resource/persons196491

Li,  Zheng
International Max Planck Research School for Ultrafast Imaging & Structural Dynamics (IMPRS-UFAST), Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society;
Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany;
Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 9, 20355 Hamburg, Germany;

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Fulltext (public)

PhysRevA.89.052113.pdf
(Publisher version), 543KB

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There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Chen, Y.-J., Pabst, S., Li, Z., Vendrell, O., & Santra, R. (2014). Dynamics of fluctuations in a quantum system. Physical Review A, 89(5): 052113. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.89.052113.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-2405-F
Abstract
“The noise is the signal” [R. Landauer, Nature (London) 392, 658 (1998)] emphasizes the rich information content encoded in fluctuations. This paper assesses the dynamical role of fluctuations of a quantum system driven far from equilibrium, with laser-aligned molecules as a physical realization. Time evolutions of the expectation value and the uncertainty of a standard observable are computed quantum mechanically and classically. We demonstrate the intricate dynamics of the uncertainty that are strikingly independent of those of the expectation value, and their exceptional sensitivity to quantum properties of the system. In general, detecting the time evolution of the fluctuations of a given observable provides information on the dynamics of correlations in a quantum system.