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Journal Article

Measurement of the radiative decay rate and energy of the metastable (2s2 2p5½ 3s½)j=0 level in FeXVII


Crespo López-Urrutia,  J. R.
Division Prof. Dr. Thomas Pfeifer, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Beiersdorfer, P., Crespo López-Urrutia, J. R., & Träbert, E. (2016). Measurement of the radiative decay rate and energy of the metastable (2s2 2p5½ 3s½)j=0 level in FeXVII. The Astrophysical Journal, 817(1): 67. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/817/1/67.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-557F-5
Measurements at the Livermore electron beam ion trap have been performed in order to infer the energy and the radiative lifetime of the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}_{1/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=0}$ level in the Fe xvii spectrum. This is the longest-lived level in the neonlike iron ion, and its radiative decay produces the Fe xvii line at 1153 Å, feeding the population of the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}_{3/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=1}$ upper level of one of the most prominent lines in the Fe xvii L-shell X-ray spectrum, commonly dubbed $3G$. In the presence of a strong ($\geqslant $ few kG) magnetic field, the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}_{1/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=0}$ level has a finite probability to decay directly to the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}^{6})}_{J=0}$ neonlike ground level via the emission of an L-shell X-ray. Our measurements allow us to observe this X-ray line in the Fe xvii L-shell spectrum and from it to infer the radiative rate for the magnetic dipole decay of the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}_{1/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=0}$ level to the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}_{3/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=1}$. Our result of $(1.45\pm 0.15)\times {10}^{4}$ s−1 is in agreement with predictions. We have also measured the wavelength of the associated X-ray line to be 16.804 ± 0.002 Å, which means that the line is displaced 1.20 ± 0.05 eV from the neighboring ${(2{s}^{2}2{p}_{1/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=1}\to {(2{s}^{2}2{p}^{6})}_{J=0}$ transition, commonly labeled $3F$. From our measurement, we infer 5950570 ± 710 cm−1 for the energy of the ${(1{s}^{2}2{s}^{2}2{p}_{1/2}^{5}3{s}_{1/2})}_{J=0}$ level.