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Nonlinear stratospheric variability: multifractal de-trended fluctuation analysis and singularity spectra

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Badin, G., & Domeisen, D. (2016). Nonlinear stratospheric variability: multifractal de-trended fluctuation analysis and singularity spectra. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 472(2191). doi:10.1098/rspa.2015.0864.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-344A-0
Abstract
Characterizing the stratosphere as a turbulent system, temporal fluctuations often show different correlations for different time scales as well as intermittent behaviour that cannot be captured by a single scaling exponent. In this study, the different scaling laws in the long-term stratospheric variability are studied using multifractal de-trended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA). The analysis is performed comparing four re-analysis products and different realizations of an idealized numerical model, isolating the role of topographic forcing and seasonal variability, as well as the absence of climate teleconnections and small-scale forcing. The Northern Hemisphere (NH) shows a transition of scaling exponents for time scales shorter than about 1 year, for which the variability is multifractal and scales in time with a power law corresponding to a red spectrum, to longer time scales, for which the variability is monofractal and scales in time with a power law corresponding to white noise. Southern Hemisphere (SH) variability also shows a transition at annual scales. The SH also shows a narrower dynamical range in multifractality than the NH, as seen in the generalized Hurst exponent and in the singularity spectra. The numerical integrations show that the models are able to reproduce the low-frequency variability but are not able to fully capture the shorter term variability of the stratosphere.