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Differential expression patterns of five acetylcholine receptor subunit genes in rat muscle during development

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Kues,  Winfried
Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Sakmann,  Bert
Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Witzemann,  Veit
Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kues, W., Sakmann, B., & Witzemann, V. (1995). Differential expression patterns of five acetylcholine receptor subunit genes in rat muscle during development. European Journal of Neuroscience: European Neuroscience Association, 7(6), 1376-1385. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9568.1995.tb01129.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-5EC2-E
Abstract
The spatial and temporal expression patterns of five genes which encode the α-, β-, γ-, δ- and ε-subunits of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in skeletal muscle were followed during development in the rat by in situ hybridization analysis. Three major developmental phases, characterized by specific expression patterns, could be distinguished. (i) During myogenic differentiation α-, β-, γ- and δ-subunit genes are activated and transcripts are expressed in muscle precursor cells at embryonic day 12 (E12) and during subsequent cell fusion. (ii) Following innervation of myotubes at approximately E15-E17 the mRNA of the α-, β-, γ-and δ-subunit genes accumulate in synaptic and decrease in extrasynaptic fibre regions during early synaptogenesis. The mRNA of the epsilon-subunit gene becomes detectable first in subsynaptic nuclei 2-3 days after innervation has occurred. (iii) During postnatal development α-, β- and δ-subunit transcript levels are reduced predominantly in extrasynaptic fibre segments and show significant differences in distribution depending on the muscle subtype whereas the γ-subunit mRNA disappears completely within the first postnatal week in all muscles. In contrast, the γ-subunit gene is transcribed only in subsynaptic myonuclei throughout development and in the adult muscle.