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Enzymatic Fuel Cells Solely Supplied with Unpurified Cellbiose Dehydrogenase and Laccase in Microorganism's Culture Supernatants

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Nielsen,  Peter J.
Research Group and Chair of Molecular Immunology of the University of Freiburg, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Sané, S., Heilemann, C., Salavei, P., Rubenwolf, S., Jolivalt, C., Madzak, C., et al. (2014). Enzymatic Fuel Cells Solely Supplied with Unpurified Cellbiose Dehydrogenase and Laccase in Microorganism's Culture Supernatants. Chemelectrochem, 1, 1886-1894.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-8890-D
Abstract
Enzymatic electrodes have great potential for catalysing the direct conversion of chemical compounds into electricity with the use of redox enzymes. However, expensive and time-consuming enzyme purification and the frequent need to add mediators are considered as drawbacks of enzymatic electrodes. We report a biofuel cell at pH 5, supplied with the unpurified enzymes laccase and cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) in crude culture supernatant, without the further addition of mediators. A maximum power output of 6.2±1.2 μW cm−2 was achieved by using supernatants containing laccase from Trametes versicolor (2.84 UmL−1) and CDH (0.90 UmL−1) from a recombinant yeast Yarrowia lipolytica YPC4. In comparison, the supply of purified enzymes (laccase: 2.40 UmL−1, CDH: 0.15 UmL−1) in a buffer solution yielded only about a twofold higher power density. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using unpurified laccase and CDH in an enzymatic biofuel cell, which can simplify its construction and operation.