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CD22 ligand-binding and signaling domains reciprocally regulate B-cell Ca2+ signaling

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Maity,  Palasch C.
Max Planck Society;

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Reth,  Michael
Research Group and Chair of Molecular Immunology of the University of Freiburg, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Müller, J., Obermeier, I., Wöhner, M., Brandl, C., Mrotzek, S., Angermüller, S., et al. (2013). CD22 ligand-binding and signaling domains reciprocally regulate B-cell Ca2+ signaling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Uzs.A., 110, 12402-12407.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-88EF-C
Abstract
A high proportion of human B cells carry B-cell receptors (BCRs) that are autoreactive. Inhibitory receptors such as CD22 can down-modulate autoreactive BCR responses. With its extracellular domain, CD22 binds to sialic acids in α2,6 linkages in cis, on the surface of the same B cell or in trans, on other cells. Sialic acids are self ligands, as they are abundant in vertebrates, but are usually not expressed by pathogens. We show that cis-ligand binding of CD22 is crucial for the regulation of B-cell Ca2+ signaling by controling the CD22 assocation to the BCR. Mice with a mutated CD22 ligand-binding domain of CD22 showed strongly reduced Ca2+ signaling. In contrast, mice with mutated CD22 immunoreceptor tyrsoine-based inhibition motifs have increased B-cell Ca2+ responses, increased B-cell turnover, and impaired survival of the B cells. Thus, the CD22 ligand-binding domain has a crucial function in regulating BCR signaling, which is relevant for controlling autoimmunity.