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Analysis of Direct and Cross-Presentation of Antigens in TPPII Knockout Mice

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Firat,  Elke
Georges Köhler Laboratory, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Gaedicke,  Simone
Emeritus Group: Cellular Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Eichmann,  Klaus
Department of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Niedermann,  Gabriele
Emeritus Group: Cellular Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Firat, E., Huai, J., Saveanu, L., Gaedicke, S., Aichele, P., Eichmann, K., et al. (2007). Analysis of Direct and Cross-Presentation of Antigens in TPPII Knockout Mice. The Journal of Immunology, 179, 8137-8145.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-91AB-0
Abstract
Tripeptidyl peptidase II (TPPII) is an oligopeptidase forming giant complexes in the cytosol that have high exo-, but also, endoproteolytic activity. Immunohistochemically, the complexes appear as distinct foci in the cytosol. In part controversial biochemical and functional studies have suggested that TPPII contributes, on the one hand, positively to Ag processing by generating epitope carboxyl termini or by trimming epitope precursors, and, on the other, negatively by destroying potentially antigenic peptides. To clarify which of these roles is predominant, we generated and analyzed TPPII-deficient mice. Cell surface levels of MHC class I peptide complexes tended to be increased on most cell types of these mice. Although presentation of three individual epitopes derived from lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus was not elevated on TPPII-/- cells, that of the immunodominant OVA epitope SIINFEKL was significantly enhanced. Consistent with this, degradation of a synthetic peptide corresponding to the OVA epitope and of another corresponding to a precursor thereof, both being proteasomally generated OVA fragments, was delayed in TPPII-deficient cytosolic extracts. In addition, dendritic cell cross-presentation of phagocytosed OVA and of OVA internalized as an immune complex was increased to about the same level as direct presentation of the Ag. The data suggest a moderate, predominantly destructive role of TPPII in class I Ag processing, in line with our finding that TPPII is not induced by IFN-γ, which up-regulates numerous, predominantly constructive components of the Ag processing and presentation machinery.