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The N Terminus of the Non-T Cell Activation Linker (NTAL) Confers Inhbitory Effects on Pre-B Cell Differentiation

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Herzog,  Sebastian
Research Group and Chair of Molecular Immunology of the University of Freiburg, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Jumaa,  Hassan
Research Group and Chair of Molecular Immunology of the University of Freiburg, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Herzog, S., & Jumaa, H. (2007). The N Terminus of the Non-T Cell Activation Linker (NTAL) Confers Inhbitory Effects on Pre-B Cell Differentiation. The Journal of Immunology, 178, 2336-2343.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-91BB-C
Abstract
SLP-65 and the linker for activation of T cells (LAT) are central adaptor proteins that link the activated pre-BCR to downstream events in pre-B cells. Recently, a new transmembrane adaptor called NTAL/LAB/LAT2 (hereafter called NTAL for non-T cell activation linker) with striking functional and structural similarity to LAT has been identified in B cells. In this study, we compare the function of NTAL and LAT in pre-BCR signaling and show that, in contrast to LAT, NTAL does not induce pre-BCR down-regulation, calcium flux, or pre-B cell differentiation. To test whether differences between NTAL-mediated and LAT-mediated signaling are caused by the missing phospholipase C (PLC)-γ binding motif in NTAL, we inserted the PLC-γ1/2 binding motif of LAT into NTAL. This insertion rendered NTAL capable of activating pre-BCR down-regulation and calcium flux. Unexpectedly however, the ability of NTAL to induce calcium flux was not sufficient to promote pre-B cell differentiation, suggesting that the PLC-γ binding motif has only partial effects on NTAL-mediated pre-BCR signaling. By generating chimeric swap mutants, we identified the N terminus of NTAL as an inhibitory domain that prevents pre-B cell differentiation while allowing pre-BCR down-regulation and receptor-mediated calcium flux. Our data suggest that, in addition to the missing PLC-γ1/2 binding motif, the N terminus is responsible for the functional differences between NTAL and LAT in pre-B cells.