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Journal Article

Reversible switching of immunoglobulin hypermutation machinery in a chicken B cell line


Reth,  Michael
Research Group and Chair of Molecular Immunology of the University of Freiburg, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Kanayama, N., Kagefumi, T., Reth, M., & Ohmori, H. (2005). Reversible switching of immunoglobulin hypermutation machinery in a chicken B cell line. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 327, 70-75.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-9420-A
A chicken B lymphoma line, DT40, hypermutates immunoglobulin (Ig) genes spontaneously during culture. Thus, cultured DT 40 cells constitute a useful Ig library for screening antibodies (Abs) in vitro. To fix desirable Ig mutants by stopping hypermutation or to resume mutation for further improvement of Ab affinity, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), a key enzyme responsible for the Ig mutation machinery, must be switched on or off. To this end, we generated a DT40 line whose one AID allele was disrupted, and the other allele was replaced by the loxP-flanked AID construct. In this engineered cell line designated as DT40-SW, AID expression could be switched reversibly by tamoxifen-regulated Cre recombinase. Devices were also introduced to discriminate between the "AID-ON" and the "AID-OFF" cells by GFP expression and puromycin resistance, respectively. Starting from a single DT40-SW cell, Ig gene repertoire was efficiently diversified during culture only when AID expression was on.