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Journal Article

AC electrified jets in a flow-focusing device: Jet length scaling.


Baret,  Jean-Christophe
Group Micro- and nanostructures in two-phase fluids, Department of Dynamics of Complex Fluids, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Castro-Hernández, E., García-Sánchez, P., Alzaga-Gimeno, J., Tan, S. H., Baret, J.-C., & Ramos, A. (2016). AC electrified jets in a flow-focusing device: Jet length scaling. Biomicrofluidics, 10(4): 043504. doi:10.1063/1.4954194.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-9774-5
We use a microfluidic flow-focusing device with integrated electrodes for controlling the production of water-in-oil drops. In a previous work, we reported that very long jets can be formed upon application of AC fields. We now study in detail the appearance of the long jets as a function of the electrical parameters, i.e., water conductivity, signal frequency, and voltage amplitude. For intermediate frequencies, we find a threshold voltage above which the jet length rapidly increases. Interestingly, this abrupt transition vanishes for high frequencies of the signal and the jet length grows smoothly with voltage. For frequencies below a threshold value, we previously reported a transition from a well-behaved uniform jet to highly unstable liquid structures in which axisymmetry is lost rather abruptly. These liquid filaments eventually break into droplets of different sizes. In this work, we characterize this transition with a diagram as a function of voltage and liquid conductivity. The electrical response of the long jets was studied via a distributed element circuit model. The model allows us to estimate the electric potential at the tip of the jet revealing that, for any combination of the electrical parameters, the breakup of the jet occurs at a critical value of this potential. We show that this voltage is around 550 V for our device geometry and choice of flow rates.