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Journal Article

Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics


Buck,  Christian
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Buck, C., & Yeh, M. (2016). Metal-loaded organic scintillators for neutrino physics. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 43(9): 093001. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/9/093001.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-A1F9-C
Organic liquid scintillators are used in many neutrino physics experiments of the past and present. In particular for low energy neutrinos when realtime and energy information are required, liquid scintillators have several advantages compared to other technologies. In many cases the organic liquid needs to be loaded with metal to enhance the neutrino signal over background events. Several metal loaded scintillators of the past suffered from chemical and optical instabilities, limiting the performance of these neutrino detectors. Different ways of metal loading are described in the article with a focus on recent techniques providing metal loaded scintillators that can be used under stable conditions for many years even in ton scale experiments. Applications of metal loaded scintillators in neutrino experiments are reviewed and the performance as well as the prospects of different scintillator types are compared.