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Structure and multiple conformations of the Kunitz-type domain from human type VI collagen alpha3(VI) chain in solution.

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Zweckstetter,  M.
Research Group of Protein Structure Determination using NMR, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zweckstetter, M., Czisch, M., Mayer, U., Chu, M. L., Zinth, W., Timpl, R., et al. (1996). Structure and multiple conformations of the Kunitz-type domain from human type VI collagen alpha3(VI) chain in solution. Structure, 4(2), 195-209. doi:10.1016/S0969-2126(96)00022-6.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-A339-E
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The Kunitz-type inhibitor motif is found at the C terminus of the human collagen alpha3(VI) chain. This 76-residue module (domain C5) was prepared in recombinant form and showed high stability against proteases; however, it lacked any inhibitory activity against trypsin, thrombin, kallikrein and several other proteases. We have undertaken the determination of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of domain C5 in solution, by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in order to establish the structural basis for the properties of this protein. RESULTS: The 7 N-terminal and 12 C-terminal residues of domain C5 are disordered in the solution structure. The 55-residue core, which shows high homology to bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, retains the characteristic fold of all members of the Kunitz-type inhibitor family. 24 residues of this main structural body show more than one resonance, symptomatic of multiple conformations slowly exchanging on the NMR time scale. In addition, significant proton chemical exchange line broadening is observed for residues in the vicinity of the disulfide bridge between residues 20 and 44: this indicates interconversion, on the micro- to millisecond time scale, between multiple conformations. CONCLUSION: The NMR study demonstrates that domain C5 is a highly dynamic molecule at temperatures studied (between 10 and 30 degrees C). Indeed, some 44% of the main body structure of C5 showed multiple conformations. The existence of multiple conformations was not necessarily expected in view of the conformational constraints imposed by the 3D structure of proteins as rigid as C5; it should therefore be considered in the interpretation of its structural and dynamical properties. The accessibility of the inhibitory binding loop (Gly18 [P4] to Leu25 [P4']) should be relatively unaffected by this conformational exchange and thus would not explain the unusual specificity of C5. Most serine proteinase inhibitors that, like C5, have an arginine at the P1 position inhibit trypsin; the lack of trypsin inhibition of C5 must therefore arise from the amino-acid side-chain composition of the adjoining positions in the binding loop.