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Polarons in Narrow Band-Gap Polymers Probed over the Entire IR Range: A Joint Experimental and Theoretical Investigation

MPS-Authors

Kahmann,  Simon
Institute for Materials in Electronics and Energy Technology (i-MEET), Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg;
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Fazzi,  Daniele
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Thiel,  Walter
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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jz6b02083_si_001.pdf
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Citation

Kahmann, S., Fazzi, D., Matt, G. J., Thiel, W., Loi, M. A., & Brabec, C. J. (2016). Polarons in Narrow Band-Gap Polymers Probed over the Entire IR Range: A Joint Experimental and Theoretical Investigation. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 7(22), 4438-4444. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b02083.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-A432-3
Abstract
We investigate the photoinduced absorption (PIA) spectra of the prototypical donor–acceptor polymer [2,6-(4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b;3,4-b′]dithiophene)-alt-4,7-(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (C-PCPDTBT) and its silicon bridged variant Si-PCPDTBT over a spectral range from 0.07 to 1.5 eV. Comparison between time-dependent density functional theory simulations of the electronic and vibrational transitions of singlet excitons, triplet excitons, polarons, and bipolarons with the experimental results proves that the observed features are due to positive polarons delocalized on the polymer chains. We find that the more crystalline Si-bridged variant gives rise to a red-shift in the transition energies, especially in the mid-infrared (MIR) spectral range and furthermore observe that the pristine polymers’ responses depend on the excitation energy. Blending with PCBM, on the other hand, leads to excitation-independent PIA spectra. By computing the response properties of molecular aggregates, we show that polarons are delocalized in not only the intra- but also the interchain direction, leading to intermolecular transitions which correspond well to experimental absorption features at the lowest energies.