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The impacts of data constraints on the predictive performance of a general process-based crop model (PeakN-crop v1.0)

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Caldararu,  Silvia
Terrestrial Biosphere Modelling & Data assimilation, Dr. S. Zähle, Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;
Terrestrial Biosphere Modelling, Dr. Sönke Zähle, Department Biogeochemical Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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BGC2536D.pdf
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BGC2536.pdf
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Citation

Caldararu, S., Purves, D. W., & Smith, M. J. (2017). The impacts of data constraints on the predictive performance of a general process-based crop model (PeakN-crop v1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 10(4), 1679-1701. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-1679-2017.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-A5B8-D
Abstract
Improving international food security under a changing climate and increasing human population will be greatly aided by improving our ability to modify, understand and predict crop growth. What we predominantly have at our disposal are either process based models of crop physiology or statistical analyses of yield datasets, both of which suffer from various sources of error. In the current paper we present a generic process based crop model which we parametrise using a Bayesian model fitting algorithm to three different sources of data – space based vegetation indices, eddy covariance productivity measurements and regional crop yields. We show that the model parametrised without data, based on prior knowledge of the parameters can largely capture the observed behaviour but the data constrained model greatly improves both the model fit and reduces prediction uncertainty. We investigate the extent to which each dataset contributes to the model performance and show that while all data improves on the prior model fit, the satellite based data and crop yield estimates are particularly important for reducing model error and uncertainty. Despite these improvements, we conclude that there are still significant knowledge10 gaps, in terms of available data for model parametrisation, but our study can help indicate the necessary data collection steps for improvement in our predictions of crop yields and crop responses to environmental changes.