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Purity control of the XENON1T gas inventory prior to initial filling and studies of mixing properties of impurities in gaseous xenon

MPG-Autoren
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Pizzella,  Veronica
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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thesis_Pizzella_master.pdf
(beliebiger Volltext), 13MB

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Zitation

Pizzella, V. (2016). Purity control of the XENON1T gas inventory prior to initial filling and studies of mixing properties of impurities in gaseous xenon. Master Thesis, Università di Roma, Rom.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-B3FD-C
Zusammenfassung
Dark matter composes 27% of the universe but its presence is inferred only from gravitational phenomena. Direct detection experiments, such as Xenon1T, attempt to detect the scattering of dark matter particles with the detector target, in this case xenon nuclei. The experiment Xenon1T employs 3.3 tonnes of liquid xenon in a Time Projection Chamber (TPC). The TPC is a detector that employs electromagnetic fields in a sensitive volume for 3-d position reconstruction and particle identification. Since dark matter scattering is a rare event, it is necessary to reduce the background to improve the sensitivity of the detector. It is necessary to monitor two kind of impurities in liquid xenon: radioactive impurities such as krypton (present in commercially available xenon at ppb level), since it increases the background, and electronegative molecules such as oxygen and water, since they lower the electron life-time and disrupts the well functioning of the TPC. In this work, the measurements of the xenon inventory prior to filling is presented using the technique of gas chromatography. Some of the bottles measurements are presented and the total purity is summarized. In the second part, a study of gas mixing as solution of inconsistency measurements in the previous part is presented, and different solutions to speed up the gas diffusion are tested. Finally, since gas chromatography is not sensitive to helium, a measurement of the helium concentration in the full xenon inventory is presented using the technique of mass spectrometry.