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Journal Article

Demography and language competition

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Kandler, A. (2009). Demography and language competition. Human Biology, 81(2-3), 181-210. doi:10.3378/027.081.0305.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-0907-5
Attempts to describe language competition and extinction in a mathematical way have enjoyed increased popularity recently. In this paper I review recent modeling approaches and, based on these findings, propose a model of reaction-diffusion type. I analyze the dynamics of interactions of a population with two monolingual groups and a group that is bilingual in these two languages. The results show that demographic factors, such as population growth or population dispersal, play an important role in the competition dynamic. Furthermore, I consider the impact of two strategies for language maintenance: adjusting the status of the endangered language and adjusting the availability of monolingual and bilingual educational resources.