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Conference Paper

A Neural Network-Based Monoscopic Reconstruction Algorithm for H.E.S.S. II


Parsons,  Robert Daniel
Division Prof. Dr. James A. Hinton, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Murach, T., Gajdus, M., & Parsons, R. D. (2016). A Neural Network-Based Monoscopic Reconstruction Algorithm for H.E.S.S. II. Proceedings of Science, ICRC2015: 1022. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1509.00794.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-0CDE-D
The H.E.S.S. experiment entered its phase II with the addition of a new, large telescope named CT 5 that was added to the centre of the existing array of four smaller telescopes. The new telescope is able to detect fainter air showers due to its larger mirror area, thereby lowering the energy threshold of the array from a few hundred GeV down to $\mathcal{O}(50\,\textrm{GeV})$. Due to the power-law decrease of typical {\gamma}-ray and cosmic-ray spectra of astrophysical sources a majority of detected air showers are of low energies, thus being detected by CT 5 only, which motivates the need for a reconstruction algorithm based on information from CT 5 alone. By exploiting such monoscopic events the H.E.S.S. experiment in phase II becomes sensitive in an energy range not covered by H.E.S.S. I and in which the Fermi LAT runs out of statistics. Furthermore the chance of detecting transient phenomena like {\gamma}-ray bursts is increased significantly due to the large effective area of CT 5 at low energies. In this contribution a newly developed reconstruction algorithm for monoscopic events based on neural networks is presented. This algorithm uses multilayer perceptrons to reconstruct the direction and energy of the particle initiating the air shower and also to discriminate between gamma rays and hadrons. The performance of this algorithm is evaluated and compared to other existing reconstruction algorithms. Furthermore results of first applications of the algorithm to measured data are shown.