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Journal Article

Pliocene Carnivora (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation at Dikika, Lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia


Geraads,  Denis       
Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society;
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Geraads, D., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., & Reed, D. (2015). Pliocene Carnivora (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation at Dikika, Lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 107, 28-35. doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.03.020.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-0E15-1
We report here on further study of the Carnivora collected by the Dikika Research Project at Dikika, in the Hadar Formation south of the type locality since 2000. The Canidae and the otter Enhydriodon have been described elsewhere, so we focus here on the other Mustelidae and on the Felidae and Hyaenidae. All Hyaenidae are referred to Crocuta, but differences in size and tooth proportions suggest two species that might belong to distinct lineages. An associated set of upper and lower teeth is made the type of a new species of Lutra that must be close to the divergence of Lutra palaeindica, Lutra lutra, and Hydrictis maculicollis. Sample size is still small, but the Dikika assemblage differs from others of similar age in the abundance of hyenas relative to felids.