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Synthesis and Characterization of Cs1-xTi2Te2O (x ≈ 0.2): Electron Doping by Te Resulting in a Layered Metal

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Valldor,  Martin
Martin Valldor, Physics of Correlated Matter, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Merz,  Patrick
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Prots,  Yurii
Yuri Prots, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Schnelle,  Walter
Walter Schnelle, Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Valldor, M., Merz, P., Prots, Y., Watier, Y., & Schnelle, W. (2016). Synthesis and Characterization of Cs1-xTi2Te2O (x ≈ 0.2): Electron Doping by Te Resulting in a Layered Metal. Inorganic Chemistry, 55(21), 11337-11341. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01903.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-1003-C
Abstract
Reacting Cs2O1.3, TiTe, TiO2, and Te under inert conditions gives powders of Cs1-xTi2Te2O (x approximate to 0.2). Small single crystals of the same phase were obtained from a CsCl salt melt in closed ampoules. This cesium dititanium ditelluride oxide (P4/mmm, a = 4.0934(3) angstrom, c = 8.9504(9) angstrom) is isostructural to CeCr2Si2C and contains layers of face-sharing trans-TiTe4O2 octahedra that are separated by Cs. As Ti occupies only one crystallographic site, its average oxidation state is +2.6, for the Cs deficit x = 0.2. The formally intermediate Ti valence state agrees well with the metallic conductivity and temperature-independent paramagnetic behavior. No superconductivity is observed down to 0.1 K in Cs0.8Ti2Te2O, but the fact that this structure type can accommodate Te2- suggests that electron doping of structurally closely related pnictide oxide superconductors, for example, BaTi2Bi2O, might be possible.