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Even-odd behavior and quantization of conductance in monovalent atomic contacts

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Sim,  Heung-Sun
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Sim, H.-S., Lee, H., & Chang, K. (2001). Even-odd behavior and quantization of conductance in monovalent atomic contacts. Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems And Nanostructures, 14(4): PII S1386-9477(01)00489-1, pp. 347-354. doi:10.1016/S1386-9477(01)00489-1.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-2A4E-8
Abstract
A Friedel-sum-rule-aided first-principles conductance calculation is presented for a sodium monatomic wire suspended between two bulk electrodes with sharp tip geometry. The conductance (G) is found to oscillate with the number (L) of atoms in the wire. For odd L, G has a quantized value of G(0) (=2e(2)/h), which is robust to the variation in wire geometry, while G is smaller than G(0) for even L, sensitive to the wire geometry. This even-odd behavior results from the sharp electrode tip and charge neutrality; the former generates resonant states, and the latter pins one of the resonant states at the Fermi energy for odd L. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.