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Journal Article

Quantum spin glass with long-range random interactions


Dutta,  Armit
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Dutta, A. (2002). Quantum spin glass with long-range random interactions. Physical Review B, 65(22): 224427. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.65.224427.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-2A67-B
A model of the quantum (transverse) Ising spin glass with a long-range random interaction is proposed and studied here. In this model the random interaction between two spins at a distance r(ij) apart falls algebraically as 1/r(ij)((d+sigma)/2). Here, apart from the strength of the quantum fluctuations, the interaction range sigma is also tunable. We have studied the ground-state properties of the model, extending the "Droplet model" of the short-range quantum spin glass. The model is also studied using a modified form of the effective Landau action describing the transition of the short-range quantum spin glass. The important features which are due to the long-range interaction are clearly mentioned. Field theoretical renormalization group calculations fail to locate any stable weak-coupling fixed point in the non-mean-field region. The simplest conjecture is that beyond the mean-field region, the critical behavior is governed by the infinite randomness fixed point. We extend the phenomenological scaling relation for the short-range quantum spin glass (based on the assumption of the existence of a dangerously irrelevant operator) to the present long-range interacting case. Most of the possible interesting aspects associated with the quantum transition in the present model are elaborately discussed.