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TDP-43 loss of function inhibits endosomal trafficking and alters trophic signaling in neurons

MPG-Autoren
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Hornburg,  Daniel
Mann, Matthias / Proteomics and Signal Transduction, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Meissner,  Felix
Meissner, Felix / Experimental Systems Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Schwenk, B. M., Hartmann, H., Serdaroglu, A., Schludi, M. H., Hornburg, D., Meissner, F., et al. (2016). TDP-43 loss of function inhibits endosomal trafficking and alters trophic signaling in neurons. The EMBO Journal, 35(21), 2350-2370. doi:10.15252/embj.201694221.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-1226-0
Zusammenfassung
Nuclear clearance of TDP-43 into cytoplasmic aggregates is a key driver of neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), but the mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that TDP-43 knockdown specifically reduces the number and motility of RAB11-positive recycling endosomes in dendrites, while TDP-43 overexpression has the opposite effect. This is associated with delayed transferrin recycling in TDP-43-knockdown neurons and decreased 2-transferrin levels in patient CSF. Whole proteome quantification identified the upregulation of the ESCRT component VPS4B upon TDP-43 knockdown in neurons. Luciferase reporter assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation suggest that TDP-43 represses VPS4B transcription. Preventing VPS4B upregulation or expression of its functional antagonist ALIX restores trafficking of recycling endosomes. Proteomic analysis revealed the broad reduction in surface expression of key receptors upon TDP-43 knockdown, including ErbB4, the neuregulin 1 receptor. TDP-43 knockdown delays the surface delivery of ErbB4. ErbB4 overexpression, but not neuregulin 1 stimulation, prevents dendrite loss upon TDP-43 knockdown. Thus, impaired recycling of ErbB4 and other receptors to the cell surface may contribute to TDP-43-induced neurodegeneration by blocking trophic signaling.