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Quantum squeezing of motion in a mechanical resonator

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Marquardt,  F.
Marquardt Group, Associated Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Wollman, E. E., Lei, C. U., Weinstein, A. J., Suh, J., Kronwald, A., Marquardt, F., et al. (2015). Quantum squeezing of motion in a mechanical resonator. Science, 349(6251), 952-955. doi:10.1126/science.aac5138.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-6388-C
Abstract
According to quantum mechanics, a harmonic oscillator can never be completely at rest. Even in the ground state, its position will always have fluctuations, called the zero-point motion. Although the zero-point fluctuations are unavoidable, they can be manipulated. Using microwave frequency radiation pressure, we have manipulated the thermal fluctuations of a micrometer-scale mechanical resonator to produce a stationary quadrature-squeezed state with a minimum variance of 0.80 times that of the ground state. We also performed phase-sensitive, back-action evading measurements of a thermal state squeezed to 1.09 times the zero-point level. Our results are relevant to the quantum engineering of states of matter at large length scales, the study of decoherence of large quantum systems, and for the realization of ultrasensitive sensing of force and motion.