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Accuracy of the capillary approximation for gas-filled kagome-style photonic crystal fibers

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Finger,  M. A.
International Max Planck Research School, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Joly,  N. Y.
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Weiss,  T.
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Russell,  P. St. J.
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Finger, M. A., Joly, N. Y., Weiss, T., & Russell, P. S. J. (2014). Accuracy of the capillary approximation for gas-filled kagome-style photonic crystal fibers. OPTICS LETTERS, 39(4), 821-824. doi:10.1364/OL.39.000821.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-663F-9
Abstract
Precise knowledge of the group velocity dispersion in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber is essential for accurate modeling of ultrafast nonlinear dynamics. Here we study the validity of the capillary approximation commonly used to calculate the modal refractive index in kagome-style photonic crystal fibers. For area-preserving core radius alpha(AP) and core wall thickness t, measurements and finite element simulations show that the approximation has an error greater than 15% for wavelengths longer than 0.56 root(alpha(AP)t), independently of the gas-filling pressure. By introducing an empirical wavelength-dependent core radius, the range of validity of the capillary approximation is extended out to a wavelength of at least 0.98 root(alpha(AP)t). (C) 2014 Optical Society of America