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Bell-inequality tests with macroscopic entangled states of light

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Stobinska,  M.
Optics Theory Group, Leuchs Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Leuchs,  G.
Leuchs Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Stobinska, M., Sekatski, P., Buraczewski, A., Gisin, N., & Leuchs, G. (2011). Bell-inequality tests with macroscopic entangled states of light. PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 84(3): 034104. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.84.034104.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-6987-B
Abstract
Quantum correlations may violate the Bell inequalities. Most experimental schemes confirming this prediction have been realized in all-optical Bell tests suffering from the detection loophole. Experiments which simultaneously close this loophole and the locality loophole are highly desirable and remain challenging. An approach to loophole-free Bell tests is based on amplification of the entangled photons (i.e., on macroscopic entanglement), for which an optical signal should be easy to detect. However, the macroscopic states are partially indistinguishable by classical detectors. An interesting idea to overcome these limitations is to replace the postselection by an appropriate preselection immediately after the amplification. This is in the spirit of state preprocessing revealing hidden nonlocality. Here, we examine one of the possible preselections, but the presented tools can be used for analysis of other schemes. Filtering methods making the macroscopic entanglement useful for Bell tests and quantum protocols are the subject of an intensive study in the field nowadays.