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Resonant Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation in the Mid-Infrared Using Localized Surface Phonon Polaritons in Subdiffractional Nanostructures

MPS-Authors
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Razdolski,  Ilya
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Gewinner,  Sandy
Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schöllkopf,  Wieland
Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Wolf,  Martin
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Paarmann,  Alexander
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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1607.05158.pdf
(Preprint), 525KB

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Citation

Razdolski, I., Chen, Y., Giles, A. J., Gewinner, S., Schöllkopf, W., Hong, M., et al. (2016). Resonant Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation in the Mid-Infrared Using Localized Surface Phonon Polaritons in Subdiffractional Nanostructures. Nano Letters, 16(11), 6954-6959. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03014.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-2148-B
Abstract
We report on the strong enhancement of mid-infrared second-harmonic generation (SHG) from SiC nanopillars due to the resonant excitation of localized surface phonon polaritons within the Reststrahlen band. A strong dependence of the SHG enhancement upon the optical mode distribution was observed. One such mode, the monopole, exhibits an enhancement that is beyond what is anticipated from field localization and dispersion of the linear and nonlinear SiC optical properties. Comparing the results for the identical nanostructures made of 4H and 6H SiC polytypes, we demonstrate the interplay of localized surface phonon polaritons with zone-folded weak phonon modes of the anisotropic crystal. Tuning the monopole mode in and out of the region where the zone-folded phonon is excited in 6H-SiC, we observe a further prominent increase of the already enhanced SHG output when the two modes are coupled. Envisioning this interplay as one of the showcase features of mid-infrared nonlinear nanophononics, we discuss its prospects for the effective engineering of nonlinear-optical materials with desired properties in the infrared spectral range.