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CREB1 Genotype Modulates Adaptive Reward-Based Decisions in Humans

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Binder,  Elisabeth B.
Dept. Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Wolf, C., Mohr, H., Diekhof, E. K., Vieker, H., Goya-Maldonado, R., Trost, S., et al. (2016). CREB1 Genotype Modulates Adaptive Reward-Based Decisions in Humans. CEREBRAL CORTEX, 26(7), 2970-2981. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv104.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-5F78-1
Abstract
Cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) contributes to adaptation of mesocorticolimbic networks by modulating activity-regulated transcription and plasticity in neurons. Activity or expression changes of CREB in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and orbital frontal cortex (OFC) interact with behavioral changes during reward-motivated learning. However, these findings from animal models have not been evaluated in humans. We tested whether CREB1 genotypes affect reward-motivated decisions and related brain activation, using BOLD fMRI in 224 young and healthy participants. More specifically, participants needed to adapt their decision to either pursue or resist immediate rewards to optimize the reward outcome. We found significant CREB1 genotype effects on choices to pursue increases of the reward outcome and on BOLD signal in the NAc, OFC, insula cortex, cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, amygdala, and precuneus during these decisions in comparison with those decisions avoiding total reward loss. Our results suggest that CREB1 genotype effects in these regions could contribute to individual differences in reward-and associative memory-based decision-making.