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Journal Article

Body topography parcellates human sensory and motor cortex

MPS-Authors
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Kuehn,  Esther
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
Department of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, United Kingdom;
Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Magdeburg, Germany;
Aging and Cognition Research Group, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Magdeburg, Germany;

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Dinse,  Juliane
Faculty of Computer Science, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany;
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Jakobsen,  Estrid
Max Planck Research Group Neuroanatomy and Connectivity, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Long,  Xiangyu
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Schäfer,  Andreas
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Bazin,  Pierre-Louis
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;
Department Neurophysics (Weiskopf), MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Villringer,  Arno
Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Margulies,  Daniel S.
Max Planck Research Group Neuroanatomy and Connectivity, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Fulltext (public)

kuehn_binse_2017.pdf
(Publisher version), 2MB

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Citation

Kuehn, E., Dinse, J., Jakobsen, E., Long, X., Schäfer, A., Bazin, P.-L., et al. (2017). Body topography parcellates human sensory and motor cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 27(7), 3790-3805. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhx026.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-36C6-A
Abstract
The cytoarchitectonic map as proposed by Brodmann currently dominates models of human sensorimotor cortical structure, function, and plasticity. According to this model, primary motor cortex, area 4, and primary somatosensory cortex, area 3b, are homogenous areas, with the major division lying between the two. Accumulating empirical and theoretical evidence, however, has begun to question the validity of the Brodmann map for various cortical areas. Here, we combined in vivo cortical myelin mapping with functional connectivity analyses and topographic mapping techniques to reassess the validity of the Brodmann map in human primary sensorimotor cortex. We provide empirical evidence that area 4 and area 3b are not homogenous, but are subdivided into distinct cortical fields, each representing a major body part (the hand and the face). Myelin reductions at the hand–face borders are cortical layer-specific, and coincide with intrinsic functional connectivity borders as defined using large-scale resting state analyses. Our data extend the Brodmann model in human sensorimotor cortex and suggest that body parts are an important organizing principle, similar to the distinction between sensory and motor processing.