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Journal Article

Thyroid Hormone Signaling in the Mouse Retina

MPS-Authors

Peichl,  L.
Ernst Strüngmann Institute (ESI) for Neuroscience in Cooperation with Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Arbogast, P., Flamant, F., Godement, P., Glosmann, M., & Peichl, L. (2016). Thyroid Hormone Signaling in the Mouse Retina. PLoS One, 11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168003.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-371A-8
Abstract
Thyroid hormone is a crucial regulator of gene expression in the developing and adult retina. Here we sought to map sites of thyroid hormone signaling at the cellular level using the transgenic FINDT3 reporter mouse model in which neurons express beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) under the control of a hybrid Gal4-TRalpha receptor when triiodothyronine (T3) and cofactors of thyroid receptor signaling are present. In the adult retina, nearly all neurons of the ganglion cell layer (GCL, ganglion cells and displaced amacrine cells) showed strong beta-gal labeling. In the inner nuclear layer (INL), a minority of glycineric and GABAergic amacrine cells showed beta-gal labeling, whereas the majority of amacrine cells were unlabeled. At the level of amacrine types, beta-gal labeling was found in a large proportion of the glycinergic AII amacrines, but only in a small proportion of the cholinergic/GABAergic 'starburst' amacrines. At postnatal day 10, there also was a high density of strongly beta-gal-labeled neurons in the GCL, but only few amacrine cells were labeled in the INL. There was no labeling of bipolar cells, horizontal cells and Muller glia cells at both stages. Most surprisingly, the photoreceptor somata in the outer nuclear layer also showed no beta-gal label, although thyroid hormone is known to control cone opsin expression. This is the first record of thyroid hormone signaling in the inner retina of an adult mammal. We hypothesize that T3 levels in photoreceptors are below the detection threshold of the reporter system. The topographical distribution of beta-gal-positive cells in the GCL follows the overall neuron distribution in that layer, with more T3-signaling cells in the ventral than the dorsal half-retina.