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Journal Article

Effect of acyl chain composition on salt-induced lamellar to inverted hexagonal phase transitions in cardiolipin.

MPS-Authors
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Sankaram,  M. B.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Marsh,  D.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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2385013.pdf
(Publisher version), 235KB

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Citation

Sankaram, M. B., Powell, G. L., & Marsh, D. (1989). Effect of acyl chain composition on salt-induced lamellar to inverted hexagonal phase transitions in cardiolipin. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 980(3), 389-392. doi:10.1016/0005-2736(89)90331-3.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-4B7A-B
Abstract
Salt-induced fluid lamellar (Lα) to inverted hexagonal (HII) phase transitions have been studied in diphosphatidyl-glycerols (cardiolipins) with different acyl chain compositions, using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Cardiolipins with four myristoyl chains, tetramyristoyl cardiolipin (TMCL), and with four oleoyl chains, tetraoleoyl cardiolipin (TOCL), were synthesized chemically. TMCL was found to undergo a thermotropic lamellar gel to lamellar liquid-crystalline phase transition at 33–35°C. This lipid exhibited an axially symmetric 31P-NMR spectrum corresponding to a lamellar phase at all NaCl concentrations between 0 and 6 M. In the case of TOCL, formation of an HII phase was induced by salt concentrations of 3.5 M NaCl or greater. These observations, taken together with earlier findings that bovine heart cardiolipin aqueous dispersions adopt an HII phase at salt concentrations of 1.5 M NaCl or greater, indicate that increasing unsaturation and length of the acyl chains favour formation of the HII phase in diphosphatidylglycerols.