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Critical behavior of entropy production and learning rate: Ising model with an oscillating field

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Cardoso Barato,  Andre
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Zhang, Y., & Cardoso Barato, A. (2016). Critical behavior of entropy production and learning rate: Ising model with an oscillating field. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 113207, pp. 1-15. doi:10.1088/1742-5468/2016/11/113207.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-599F-A
Zusammenfassung
We study the critical behavior of the entropy production of the Ising model subject to a magnetic field that oscillates in time. The mean-field model displays a phase transition that can be either first or second-order, depending on the amplitude of the field and on the frequency of oscillation. Within this approximation the entropy production rate is shown to have a discontinuity when the transition is first-order and to be continuous, with a jump in its first derivative, if the transition is second-order. In two dimensions, we find with numerical simulations that the critical behavior of the entropy production rate is the same, independent of the frequency and amplitude of the field. Its first derivative has a logarithmic divergence at the critical point. This result is in agreement with the lack of a first-order phase transition in two dimensions. We analyze a model with a field that changes at stochastic time-intervals between two values. This model allows for an informational theoretic interpretation, with the system as a sensor that follows the external field. We calculate numerically a lower bound on the learning rate, which quantifies how much information the system obtains about the field. Its first derivative with respect to temperature is found to have a jump at the critical point.