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Journal Article

Sequences of ground states and classification of frustration in odd-numbered antiferromagnetic rings


Kamieniarz,  Grzegorz
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Florek, W., Antkowiak, M., & Kamieniarz, G. (2016). Sequences of ground states and classification of frustration in odd-numbered antiferromagnetic rings. Physical Review B, 94(22): 224421. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.224421.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-5A7D-E
The sequences of ground states in frustrated antiferromagnetic rings with odd number of local spins characterized by a single bond defect or by arbitrary uniform couplings to an additional spin located at the center are determined. The sequences provide firm constraints on the total ground-state quantum numbers, which are more stringent than those arising from the Lieb-Mattis theorem for bipartite quantum spin systems. Apart from their theoretical importance, they suggest the possibility of tailoring a given class of the molecular nanomagnets with desired ground-state properties by tuning the relevant couplings. In particular, they predict the spin S = 1/2 ground state for the centered rings composed of the half-integer spins with approximately uniform interactions. They confirm the applicability of the recent classification of spin frustration in both types of molecular nanomagnets. The classification is also discussed in the classical limit for the first class of the rings, providing a direct picture of frustration types. The Lieb-Mattis energy-level ordering and an analog of the Lande band, i.e., the energy spectra properties simplifying the characterization of the rings using the bulk magnetic or NMR measurements, are briefly discussed.