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Formation of focal adhesion-stress fibre complexes coordinated by adhesive and non-adhesive surface domains

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Arnold,  Marco
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Ulmer,  Jens
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Blümmel,  Jacques
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Spatz,  Joachim P.
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Citation

Zimerman, B., Arnold, M., Ulmer, J., Blümmel, J., Besser, A., Spatz, J. P., et al. (2004). Formation of focal adhesion-stress fibre complexes coordinated by adhesive and non-adhesive surface domains. IEE Proceedings-Nanobiotechnology, 151(2), 62-66. doi:10.1049/ip-nbt:20040474.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-34A9-6
Abstract
Cell motility consists of repeating cycles of protrusion of a leading edge in the direction of migration, attachment of the advancing membrane to the matrix, and pulling of the trailing edge forward. In this dynamic process there is a major role for the cytoskeleton, which drives the protrusive events via polymerisation of actin in the lamellipodium, followed by actomyosin contractility. To study the transition of the actin cytoskeleton from a 'protrusive' to 'retractive' form, we have monitored the formation of focal adhesions and stress fibres during cell migration on a micro-patterned surface. This surface consisted of parallel arrays of 2 microm-wide, fibronectin-coated gold stripes, separated by non-adhesive (poly(ethylene glycol)-coated) glass areas with variable width, ranging from 4-12 microm. Monitoring the spreading of motile cells indicated that cell spreading was equally effective along and across the adhesive stripes, as long as the non-adhesive spaces between them did not exceed 6 microm. When the width of the PEG region was 8 microm or more, cells became highly polarised upon spreading, and failed to reach the neighboring adhesive stripes. It was also noted that as soon as the protruding lamella successfully crossed the PEG-coated area and reached an adhesive region, the organisation of actin in that area was transformed from a diffuse meshwork into a bundle, oriented perpendicularly to the stripes and anchored at its ends in focal adhesions. This transition depends on actomyosin-based contractility and is apparently triggered by the adhesion to the rigid fibronectin surface.