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Journal Article

A novel single-cavity three-wavelength photoacoustic spectrometer for atmospheric aerosol research


Andreae,  M. O.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Linke, C., Ibrahim, I., Schleicher, N., Hitzenberger, R., Andreae, M. O., Leisner, T., et al. (2016). A novel single-cavity three-wavelength photoacoustic spectrometer for atmospheric aerosol research. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(11), 5331-5346. doi:10.5194/amt-9-5331-2016.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-9338-8
The spectral light-absorbing behavior of carbonaceous aerosols varies depending on the chemical composition and structure of the particles. A new single-cavity three-wavelength photoacoustic spectrometer was developed and characterized for measuring absorption coefficients at three wavelengths across the visible spectral range. In laboratory studies, several types of soot with different organic content were generated by a diffusion flame burner and were investigated for changes in mass-specific absorption cross section (MAC) values, absorption and scattering Angstrom exponents (alpha(abs) and alpha(sca)), and single scattering albedo (omega). By increasing the organic carbonaceous (OC) content of the aerosol from 50 to 90% of the total carbonaceous mass, for 660 nm nearly no change of MAC was found with increasing OC content. In contrast, for 532 nm a significant increase, and for 445 nm a strong increase of MAC was found with increasing OC content of the aerosol. Depending on the OC content, the Angstrom exponents of absorption and scattering as well as the single scattering albedo increased. These laboratory results were compared to a field study at a traffic-dominated urban site, which was also influenced by residential wood combustion. For this site a daily average value of alpha(abs)(445-660) of 1.9 was found.