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Adsorption isotherms for hydrogen chloride (HCl) on ice surfaces between 190 and 220 K

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Zimmermann,  S.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Kippenberger,  M.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Schuster,  G.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Crowley,  J. N.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zimmermann, S., Kippenberger, M., Schuster, G., & Crowley, J. N. (2016). Adsorption isotherms for hydrogen chloride (HCl) on ice surfaces between 190 and 220 K. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18(20), 13799-13810. doi:10.1039/c6cp01962e.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-E8AC-C
Abstract
The interaction of hydrogen chloride (HCl) with ice surfaces at temperatures between 190 and 220 K was investigated using a coated-wall flow-tube connected to a chemical ionization mass spectrometer. Equilibrium surface coverages of HCl were determined at gas phase concentrations as low as 2 x 10(9) molecules cm(-3) (similar to 4 x 10(-8) Torr at 200 K) to derive Langmuir adsorption isotherms. The data are described by a temperature independent partition coefficient: K-Lang = (3.7 + 0.2) x 10(-11) cm(3) molecule(-1) with a saturation surface coverage N-max = (2.0 +/- 0.2) x 10(14) molecules cm(-2). The lack of a systematic dependence of K-Lang on temperature contrasts the behaviour of numerous trace gases which adsorb onto ice via hydrogen bonding and is most likely related to the ionization of HCl at the surface. The results are compared to previous laboratory studies, and the equilibrium partitioning of HCl to ice surfaces under conditions relevant to the atmosphere is evaluated.