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Direct measurements of OH and other product yields from the HO2 +CH3C(O)O2 reaction

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Dillon,  T. J.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Groß,  C. B. M.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Winiberg, F. A. F., Dillon, T. J., Orr, S. C., Groß, C. B. M., Bejan, I., Brumby, C. A., et al. (2016). Direct measurements of OH and other product yields from the HO2 +CH3C(O)O2 reaction. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(6), 4023-4042. doi:10.5194/acp-16-4023-2016.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-8A4E-A
Abstract
The reaction CH3C(O)O(2)aEuro-+aEuro-HO2 -> aEuro parts per thousand CH3C(O)OOHaEuro-+aEuro-O-2 (Reaction R5a), CH3C(O)OHaEuro-+aEuro-O-3 (Reaction R5b), CH(3)aEuro-+aEuro-CO(2)aEuro-+aEuro-OHaEuro-+aEuro-O-2 (Reaction R5c) was studied in a series of experiments conducted at 1000aEuro-mbar and (293aEuro-+/- aEuro-2)aEuro-K in the HIRAC simulation chamber. For the first time, products, (CH3C(O)OOH, CH3C(O)OH, O-3 and OH) from all three branching pathways of the reaction have been detected directly and simultaneously. Measurements of radical precursors (CH3OH, CH3CHO), HO2 and some secondary products HCHO and HCOOH further constrained the system. Fitting a comprehensive model to the experimental data, obtained over a range of conditions, determined the branching ratios alpha((R5a))aEuro-aEuro parts per thousand= aEuro-0.37aEuro-+/- aEuro-0.10, alpha((R5b)) = aEuro-0.12aEuro-+/- aEuro-0.04 and alpha((R5c)) = aEuro-0.51aEuro-+/- aEuro-0.12 (errors at 2 sigma level). Improved measurement/model agreement was achieved using k((R5)) = (2.4aEuro-+/- aEuro-0.4)aEuro-aEuro parts per thousand x aEuro-10(-11)aEuro-cm(3)aEuro-molecule(-1)aEuro-s(-1), which is within the large uncertainty of the current IUPAC and JPL recommended rate coefficients for the title reaction. The rate coefficient and branching ratios are in good agreement with a recent study performed by Gro<remove> et al. (2014b); taken together, these two studies show that the rate of OH regeneration through Reaction (R5) is more rapid than previously thought. GEOS-Chem has been used to assess the implications of the revised rate coefficients and branching ratios; the modelling shows an enhancement of up to 5 % in OH concentrations in tropical rainforest areas and increases of up to 10 % at altitudes of 6-8 km above the equator, compared to calculations based on the IUPAC recommended rate coefficient and yield. The enhanced rate of acetylperoxy consumption significantly reduces PAN in remote regions (up to 30 %) with commensurate reductions in background NOx.