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Structural and optical Isomers of nonamethoxy cyclotriveratrylene: separation and physical characterization

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Zimmermann,  Herbert
Department of Molecular Physics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Luz, Z., Poupko, R., Wachtel, E. J., Zheng, H., Friedman, N., Cao, X., et al. (2007). Structural and optical Isomers of nonamethoxy cyclotriveratrylene: separation and physical characterization. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 111(42), 10507-10516. doi:10.1021/jp073329g.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-ABDC-A
Abstract
The paper concerns the structural and optical isomers of nonamethoxy-tribenzocyclononene (compound 1). In the first part of the paper it is shown that 1 exists in two structural isomers: a rigid crown (c-1) with C3 symmetry and a flexible saddle (s-1) with C1 symmetry. The latter, not previously known, can be prepared from the as-synthesized c-1 by quenching a hot solution (or the melt) followed by HPLC separation. The crown/saddle equilibrium, isomerization kinetics, and associated thermodynamic parameters in various organic solvents are reported. Carbon-13 MAS NMR, X-ray diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of polycrystalline c-1 and s-1 racemates are also reported. The different melting points of the isomers and their rapid isomerization in the melt result in unconventional DSC thermograms involving multiple endothermic and exothermic transitions. The second part of the paper concerns the chiral properties of 1. Both the saddle and crown isomers are structurally chiral, but due to the fast pseudorotation of s-1 in solution, it cannot be separated into its enantiomers. Those of c-1 were separated by HPLC using a chiral column. Their X-ray structure and melting points differ considerably from those of the racemate. This and their fast racemization in the melt lead to complex DSC thermograms with multiple transitions. Solutions of the neat enantiomers exhibit a relatively small specific optical rotation. In the UV they show circular dichroism for the B1u and B2u transitions, with the latter exhibiting a clear couplet structure. Infrared and vibrational circular dichroism spectra of the enantiomers in solution are reported. Comparison of these spectra with quantum mechanical simulations provides unambiguous identification of the enantiomers.