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Machine learning of accurate energy-conserving molecular force fields


Tkatchenko,  Alexandre
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;
Physics and Materials Science Research Unit, University of Luxembourg;


Sauceda,  Huziel E.
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Chmiela, S., Tkatchenko, A., Sauceda, H. E., Poltavsky, I., Schütt, K. T., & Müller, K.-R. (2017). Machine learning of accurate energy-conserving molecular force fields. Science Advances, 3(5): e1603015. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603015.

Using conservation of energy - a fundamental property of closed classical and quantum mechanical systems - we develop an efficient gradient-domain machine learning (GDML) approach to construct accurate molecular force fields using a restricted number of samples from ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) trajectories. The GDML implementation is able to reproduce global potentialenergy surfaces of intermediate-size molecules with an accuracy of 0.3 kcal/mol-1 for energies and 1 kcal mol-1 Å̊−1 for atomic forces using only 1000 conformational geometries for training. We demonstrate this accuracy for AIMD trajectories of molecules, including benzene, toluene, naphthalene, ethanol, uracil, and aspirin. The challenge of constructing conservative force fields is accomplished in our work by learning in a Hilbert space of vector-valued functions that obey the law of energy conservation. The GDML approach enables quantitative molecular dynamics simulations for molecules at a fraction of cost of explicit AIMD calculations, thereby allowing the construction of efficient force fields with the accuracy and transferability of high-level ab initio methods.