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Enhanced biological activity of BMP-2 bound to surface-grafted heparan sulfate

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Migliorini,  Elisa
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Haraszti,  Tamas
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Wegner,  S.
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Cavalcanti-Adam,  Elisabetta Ada
Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;
Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany;

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Citation

Migliorini, E., Horn, P., Haraszti, T., Wegner, S., Hiepen, C., Knaus, P., et al. (2017). Enhanced biological activity of BMP-2 bound to surface-grafted heparan sulfate. Advanced Biosystems, 4(1): 1600041, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1002/adbi.201600041.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-DFA7-E
Abstract
Over the last decade, there has been a growing interest in the development of new materials to improve bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) delivery for tissue regeneration. This study reports the development and application of model surfaces that present BMP-2 via heparan sulfate (HS), a ubiquitous component of the extracellular matrix (ECM). On these surfaces, HS is grafted by its reducing end, to mimic the natural arrangement of HS proteoglycans in the ECM. The binding of each component on these biomimetic surfaces is highly controlled, in terms of stoichiometry of molecules and BMP-2/grafted-HS affinity, as determined by surface-sensitive techniques. For comparison, this study also uses surfaces presenting immobilized BMP-2 alone. Functional validations of the surfaces are performed using a murine myoblast cell line (C2C12) and primary human mesenchymal stromal cells. In both cell types, HS-bound BMP-2 and surface-immobilized BMP-2 significantly prolong SMAD 1/5 phosphorylation, compared to BMP-2 added to the culture media. Moreover, HS-bound BMP-2 enhances p-SMAD 1/5 levels in C2C12 cells and reduces noggin antagonistic activity. Thus, grafted HS positively affects BMP-2 cellular activity. This innovative surface design, which mimics natural interactions of growth factors with ECM components, constitutes a promising candidate for future regenerative medicine applications.