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Journal Article

High-temperature conventional superconductivity


Eremets,  M. I.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;


Drozdov,  A. P.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Eremets, M. I., & Drozdov, A. P. (2016). High-temperature conventional superconductivity. Physics-Uspekhi, 59(11), 1154-1160.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-EAF5-5
Conventional superconductors are described well by the Bardeen – Cooper – Schrieffer (BCS) theory (1957) and its related theories, all of which importantly put no explicit limit on transition temperature Tc. While this allows, in principle, room-temperature superconductivity, no such phenomenon has been observed. Since the discovery of superconductivity in 1911, the measured critical temperature of BCS superconductors has not until recently exceeded 39 K. In 2014, hydrogen sulfide under high pressure was experimentally found to exhibit superconductivity at Tc = 200 K, a record high value which greatly exceeds that of the previous class of high-temperature superconductors, the cuprates. The superconductivity mechanism in cuprates has not yet been explained. Over a period of 25 years, the critical temperature of cuprates has not been increased above 164 K. The paper reviews research on record-high Tc superconductivity in hydrogen sulphide and other hydrides. Prospects for increasing Tc to room temperature are also discussed.