English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

Synthesis of electronically modified carbon nitride from a processable semiconductor, 3-aminotriazole-1,2,4 oligomer, via a topotactic-like phase transition

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons188005

Savateev,  Aleksandr
Dariya Dontsova, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons22243

Willinger,  Marc Georg
Marc Willinger, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons1057

Antonietti,  Markus
Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons127648

Dontsova,  Dariya
Dariya Dontsova, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)

2418840.pdf
(Publisher version), 771KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Savateev, A., Pronkin, S., Epping, J. D., Willinger, M. G., Antonietti, M., & Dontsova, D. (2017). Synthesis of electronically modified carbon nitride from a processable semiconductor, 3-aminotriazole-1,2,4 oligomer, via a topotactic-like phase transition. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5(18), 8394-8401. doi:10.1039/C7TA01714F.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-F54D-8
Abstract
The thermally induced topotactic transformation of organic polymeric semiconductors is achieved using similarity of the chemical structures of the two C,N,H-containing materials. Namely, the oligomer of 3-aminotriazole-1,2,4 (OATA) is transformed into an electronically modified graphitic carbon nitride (OATA-CN) upon heating at 550 °C. During the transition, the flat band potential of the organic semiconductor is only slightly shifted from -0.11 eV to -0.06 eV, while the optical band gap is significantly expanded from 1.8 eV to 2.2 eV. The advantage of the suggested approach is the processability of the starting semiconductor combined with the minor morphology changes during the heat-treatment that enable preservation of the original oligomer micro- and macrostructures in the resulting carbon nitrides. As illustration, different OATA morphologies, including spherical nanoparticles, nanobarrels, nanowires and self-assembled macrospheres and composite sheets are synthesized and then transformed into OATA-CN with the retention of morphology. The surface area of the final carbon nitrides reaches 66 m2/g, without using any templates, auxiliary reagents or post treatment. As a consequence, the photocatalytic activity of the obtained carbon nitrides in the visible light driven hydrogen evolution is up to 5 times higher than measured for the reference bulk carbon nitride prepared by pyrolysis of melamine.