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Journal Article

Adsorption of alkane vapor at water drop surfaces

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Kairaliyeva,  Talmira
Reinhard Miller, Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Miller,  Reinhard
Reinhard Miller, Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kairaliyeva, T., Fainerman, V., Aksenenko, E., Kovalchuk, V., Tarasevich, Y. I., & Miller, R. (2017). Adsorption of alkane vapor at water drop surfaces. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 532, 541-547. doi:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2017.04.002.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-F20F-1
Abstract
The influence of temperature on the dynamic surface tension of water in heptane vapour is studied using drop profile analysis tensiometry. The water drops are formed in air saturated by heptane and water vapours. For long life times a new phenomenon is found: a sharp decrease of surface tension from about 60 mN/m down to 30 mN/m. The time until this sharp surface tension sets in decreases with increasing temperature. This phenomenon is attributed to the formation of heptane adsorption layers with a significant thickness. To ensure that the sharp surface tension decrease is not an artefact, the experimental error (deviation of drop profiles from the Young-Gauss-Laplace equation) was determined using harmonic oscillations imposed to the surface of pure heptane drops. It was shown that fitting errors below 10 μm in the determination of the drop radius do not affect the calculated surface tension value. The sharp surface tension decrease was observed with fitting errors below 5 μm, so that this phenomenon was explained to be caused by the formation of multilayers. The surface tensions and adsorbed amounts are described by a model developed earlier. The experimental results depend essentially on the experimental method used. In another experiment the atmosphere in the measuring cell was pre-saturated only by water vapour, and heptane (pentane) was added onto the cell bottom just immediately before the water drop was formed. The increase of temperature results in a slower adsorption process which is opposite to the case where the composition of the mixed atmosphere inside the cell was established prior to the experiments.