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Journal Article

Impact of Ural Blocking on Winter Warm Arctic–Cold Eurasian Anomalies. Part I: Blocking-Induced Amplification

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Luo, D., Xiao, Y., Yao, Y., Dai, A., Simmonds, I., & Franzke, C. (2016). Impact of Ural Blocking on Winter Warm Arctic–Cold Eurasian Anomalies. Part I: Blocking-Induced Amplification. Journal of Climate, 29(11), 3925-3947. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0611.1.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-1D81-9
AbstractIn Part I of this study, the impact of Ural blocking (UB) on the warm Arctic?cold Eurasian (WACE) pattern associated with the winter (DJF) arctic sea ice loss during 1979?2013 is examined by dividing the arctic sea ice reduction region into two dominant subregions: the Barents and Kara Seas (BKS) and the North American high-latitude (NAH) region (Baffin and Hudson Bay, Davis Strait, and Labrador Sea). It is found that atmospheric response to arctic sea ice loss resembles a negative Arctic response oscillation with a dominant positive height anomaly over the Eurasian subarctic region. Regression analyses of the two subregions further show that the sea ice loss over the BKS corresponds to the UB pattern together with a positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO+) and is followed by a WACE anomaly, while the sea ice reduction in the NAH region corresponds to a negative NAO (NAO?) pattern with a cold anomaly over northern Eurasia.Further analyses reveal that the UB pattern is more persistent during the period 2000?13 (P2) than 1979?99 (P1) because of the reduced middle-to-high-latitude mean westerly winds over Eurasia associated with the intense BKS warming. During P2 the establishment of the UB becomes a slow process because of the role of the BKS warming, while its decay is slightly rapid. In the presence of the long-lived UB that often occurs with the NAO+, the BKS-warming-induced DJF-mean anticyclonic anomaly is intensified and widened and then expands southward during P2 to amplify the WACE pattern and induce the southward displacement of its cold anomaly and the further loss of the BKS sea ice. Thus, midlatitude Eurasian cold events should be more frequent as the sea ice loss continues over the BKS.