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Alcohol reduces prefrontal cortical excitability in humans: A combined TMS and EEG study

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Citation

Kähkönen, S., Wilenius, J., Nikulin, V. V., Ollikainen, M., & Ilmoniemi, R. J. (2003). Alcohol reduces prefrontal cortical excitability in humans: A combined TMS and EEG study. Neuropsychopharmacology, 28, 747-754. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300099.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-4160-7
Abstract
The effects of alcohol (0.8 g/kg) on the prefrontal cortex were studied in nine healthy subjects using the technique of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combined with electroencephalography (EEG). A total of 120 magnetic pulses were delivered with a figure-of-eight coil to the left prefrontal cortex at the rate of 0.4–0.7 Hz. The EEG was recorded simultaneously with 60 scalp electrodes (41 electrodes were used for analysis); the TMS-evoked activation was estimated by the area under the global mean field amplitude (GMFA) time curve. TMS caused changes in EEG activity lasting up to 270 ms poststimulus. Alcohol decreased GMFA at 30–270 ms poststimulus (713plusminus303 vs 478plusminus142 muV ms; p=0.007). Alcohol-induced differences were most pronounced at anterior electrodes. These results suggest that alcohol reduces the excitability in the prefrontal cortex.