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Journal Article

Coupled spin-light dynamics in cavity optomagnonics


Marquardt,  Florian
Marquardt Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Viola-Kusminskiy, S., Tang, H. X., & Marquardt, F. (2016). Coupled spin-light dynamics in cavity optomagnonics. Physical Review A, 94(3): 033821. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.94.033821.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-6E6F-1
Experiments during the past 2 years have shown strong resonant photon-magnon coupling in microwave cavities, while coupling in the optical regime was demonstrated very recently for the first time. Unlike with microwaves, the coupling in optical cavities is parametric, akin to optomechanical systems. This line of research promises to evolve into a new field of optomagnonics, aimed at the coherent manipulation of elementary magnetic excitations in solid-state systems by optical means. In this work we derive the microscopic optomagnonic Hamiltonian. In the linear regime the system reduces to the well-known optomechanical case, with remarkably large coupling. Going beyond that, we study the optically induced nonlinear classical dynamics of a macrospin. In the fast-cavity regime we obtain an effective equation of motion for the spin and show that the light field induces a dissipative term reminiscent of Gilbert damping. The induced dissipation coefficient, however, can change sign on the Bloch sphere, giving rise to self-sustained oscillations. When the full dynamics of the system is considered, the system can enter a chaotic regime by successive period doubling of the oscillations.