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Dynamics of volume-averaged intracellular Ca2+ in a rat CNS nerve terminal during single and repetitive voltage-clamp depolarizations.

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Lin,  K. H.
Research Group of Activity-Dependent and Developmental Plasticity at the Calyx of Held, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Taschenberger,  H.
Research Group of Activity-Dependent and Developmental Plasticity at the Calyx of Held, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Neher,  E.
Emeritus Group of Membrane Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Lin, K. H., Taschenberger, H., & Neher, E. (2017). Dynamics of volume-averaged intracellular Ca2+ in a rat CNS nerve terminal during single and repetitive voltage-clamp depolarizations. Journal of Physiology, 595(10), 3219-3236. doi:10.1113/JP272773.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-5963-D
Abstract
Many aspects of short-term synaptic plasticity (STP) are controlled by relatively slow changes in the presynaptic intracellular concentration of free calcium ions ([Ca2+] i) that occur in the time range of a few milliseconds to several seconds. In nerve terminals, [Ca2+] i equilibrates diffusionally during such slow changes, such that the globally measured, residual [Ca2+] i that persists after the collapse of local domains is often the appropriate parameter governing STP. Here, we study activity-dependent dynamic changes in global [Ca2+] i at the rat calyx of Held nerve terminal in acute brainstem slices using patch-clamp and microfluorimetry. We use low concentrations of a low-affinity Ca2+ indicator dye (100 mu M Fura-6F) in order not to overwhelm endogenous Ca2+ buffers. We first study voltage-clamped terminals, dialysed with pipette solutions containing minimal amounts of Ca2+ buffers, to determine Ca2+ binding properties of endogenous fixed buffers as well as the mechanisms of Ca2+ clearance. Subsequently, we use pipette solutions including 500 mu M EGTA to determine the Ca2+ binding kinetics of this chelator. We provide a formalism and parameters that allow us to predict [Ca2+] i changes in calyx nerve terminals in response to a wide range of stimulus protocols. Unexpectedly, the Ca2+ affinity of EGTA under the conditions of our measurements was substantially lower (KD = 543 +/- 51 nM) than measured in vitro, mainly as a consequence of a higher than previously assumed dissociation rate constant (2.38 +/- 0.20 s(-1)), which we need to postulate in order to model the measured presynaptic [Ca2+] i transients.