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Journal Article

Structural Rearrangement of Au−Pd Nanoparticles under Reaction Conditions: An ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study

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Wang,  Yanggang
Institute for Interfacial Catalysis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory;
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Xu, C.-Q., Lee, M.-S., Wang, Y., Cantu, D. C., Li, J., Glezakou, V.-A., et al. (2017). Structural Rearrangement of Au−Pd Nanoparticles under Reaction Conditions: An ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study. ACS Nano, 11(2), 1649-1658. doi:10.1021/acsnano.6b07409.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-7BB5-9
Abstract
The structure, composition, and atomic distribution of nanoalloys under operating conditions are of significant importance for their catalytic activity. In the present work, we use ab initio molecular dynamics simulations to understand the structural behavior of Au−Pd nanoalloys supported on rutile TiO2 under different conditions. We find that the Au−Pd structure is strongly dependent on the redox properties of the support, originating from strong metal−support interactions. Under reducing conditions, Pd atoms are inclined to move toward the metal/oxide interface, as indicated by a significant increase of Pd−Ti bonds. This could be attributed to the charge localization at the interface that leads to Coulomb attractions to positively charged Pd atoms. In contrast, under oxidizing conditions, Pd atoms would rather stay inside or on the exterior of the nanoparticle. Moreover, Pd atoms on the alloy surface can be stabilized by hydrogen adsorption, forming Pd−H bonds, which are stronger than Au−H bonds. Our work offers critical insights into the structure and redox properties of Au−Pd nanoalloy catalysts under working conditions.