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Journal Article

Importance of non-intrinsic platinum dissolution in Pt/C composite fuel cell catalysts


Fellinger,  Tim-Patrick
Tim Fellinger, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Jovanovic, P., Petek, U., Hodnik, N., Ruiz-Zepeda, F., Gatalo, M., Sala, M., et al. (2017). Importance of non-intrinsic platinum dissolution in Pt/C composite fuel cell catalysts. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 19(32), 21446-21452. doi:10.1039/C7CP03192K.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-A8E4-D
The dissolution of different platinum based nanoparticles deposited on a commercial high-surface area carbon (HSAC) support in thin catalyst films is investigated using a highly sensitive electrochemical flow cell (EFC) coupled to an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). The previously reported particle-size-dependent dissolution of Pt is confirmed on selected industrial samples with a mean Pt particle size ranging from 1 to 4.8 nm. This trend is significantly altered when catalyst is diluted by addition of HSAC. This indicates that the intrinsic dissolution properties are masked by local oversaturation phenomena, the so-called confinement effect. Furthermore, by replacing the standard HSAC support with a support having order of magnitude higher specific surface area (a micro- and mesoporous nitrogen-doped high surface area carbon, HSANDC) Pt dissolution is reduced even further. This is due to the so-called non-intrinsic confinement and entrapment effects of the (large amount of) micro and small mesopores doped with N atoms. The observed more effective Pt re-deposition is presumably induced by local Pt over-saturation and the presence of nitrogen nucleation sites. Overall, our study demonstrates the high importance and beneficial effects of porosity, loading and N doping of the carbon support on the Pt stability in the catalyst layer.