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Fluctuation-induced first-order transition in Eu-based trillium lattices

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Franco,  Diego G.
Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Prots,  Yurii
Yuri Prots, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Geibel,  Christoph
Christoph Geibel, Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Seiro,  Silvia
Silvia Seiro, Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Franco, D. G., Prots, Y., Geibel, C., & Seiro, S. (2017). Fluctuation-induced first-order transition in Eu-based trillium lattices. Physical Review B, 96(1): 014401, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.014401.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-AF68-B
Abstract
Among spin arrangements prone to geometric frustration, the so-called trillium lattice has not been very intensively investigated. A few theoretical works show that it is at the border between a degenerate, an only partially ordered, and a fully ordered ground state. However, only few compounds with this structure have been studied, and there is presently no good example of a trillium lattice with an antiferromagnetic ground state and clear evidence for frustration effects. We present magnetic and specific heat measurements on two realizations of a trillium lattice of local spins, EuPtSi and EuPtGe. Both compounds exhibit a similar magnetic behavior, with Eu2+ moments ordering antiferromagnetically at T-N=4.1 K (EuPtSi) and 3.3 K (EuPtGe), albeit retaining a considerable amount of entropy in strong magnetic fluctuations extending to temperatures well above T-N. The magnetic entropy reaches only roughly half of R ln 8 at T-N. These fluctuations are presumably the source for the pronounced first-order character of the transition at T-N and are likely due to magnetic frustration. Thus, EuPtSi and EuPtGe open a new door to experimental studies of frustration effects in the trillium lattice and provide a testing ground for theoretical predictions.