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Probing and controlling spin chirality in Mott insulators by circularly polarized laser

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Oka,  Takashi
Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kitamura, S., Oka, T., & Aoki, H. (2017). Probing and controlling spin chirality in Mott insulators by circularly polarized laser. Physical Review B, 96(1): 014406, pp. 1-10. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.014406.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-AFDA-9
Abstract
Scalar spin chirality, a three-body spin correlation that breaks time-reversal symmetry, is revealed to couple directly to circularly polarized laser. This is shown by the Floquet formalism for the periodically driven repulsive Hubbard model with a strong-coupling expansion. A systematic derivation of the effective low-energy Hamiltonian for a spin degree of freedom reveals that the coupling constant for scalar spin chirality can become significant for a situation in which the driving frequency and the on-site interaction are comparable. This implies that the scalar chirality can be induced by circularly polarized lights, or that it can be used conversely for probing the chirality in Mott insulators as a circular dichroism.